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Read more articles about Medical heritage
Elizabeth Bagshaw: Fighting for reproductive rights in Canada
When Dr. Elizabeth Bagshaw retired in 1976, she was the oldest physician practising in Canada. In her illustrious 70-year career, Bagshaw treated thousands of patients...
Vera Peters and the fight against breast cancer
Today, women with early breast cancer are usually treated with breast conserving therapy (removal of the cancerous lump followed by radiation). This approach is a...
Realizing the dream: The discovery of insulin
The news was stunning. Suddenly, in early 1922, researchers at the University of Toronto announced that they had discovered an effective treatment for diabetes mellitus...
Blood-forming stem cells: An Ontario story
Blood . . . it circulates through our bodies, supplies energy, defends against internal and external danger, and heals injuries. It comprises a miraculous network...
Doctors, discoveries and developments: Medical achievements and health care in Ontario
1824 Dr. Charles Duncombe opens the first medical school in Ontario, in St Thomas. 1839 College of Physicians and Surgeons of Upper Canada is...
Indigenous traditional medicine
“Traditional medicine” refers to knowledge and practices of Indigenous peoples that promote health and well-being, and that have been passed down from generation to generation...
Repairing hearts: Innovations in cardiac surgery
Once considered off-limits to the surgeon’s scalpel, a diseased heart is no longer an immediate death sentence. In 1900, the medical community could treat only...
Ontario’s medical legacy
In the mid-19th century, a typical doctor ran a solo practice, often making house calls on horseback or by sleigh. Many treatments offered relief for...